- Brief Look
- Fun Facts
- Georgia In OBOR
- A Little More About Georgia
- General Information
A Very Brief Look at the Country
Sitting at the junction of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, Georgia is a small country (just slightly larger than Switzerland) with huge geographic diversity. Its neighbors are Turkey, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia, and the western Georgia is a popular tourist destination as it is bounded by the Black Sea.
With its capital being called Tbilisi, which means “warm” in the Georgian language, Georgian people are known for their hospitality. The country is also believed to be the origin of wine. Wine production is still a major industry in the country and the locals are very proud of their fermented grape beverage!
- The deepest known cave in the world, The Krubera Cave, sits in Northwest Georgia. The known depth of the cave is 2197m, but the end point of the cave is still yet to be reached
- The Vidalia onion, the sweetest onion in the world, can be grown only in Georgian soil.
- Georgia was one of the earliest countries to adopt Christianity as a state religion, (as early as AD 337). 83.9 % of population practices Orthodox Christianity.
- Georgia preserves one of the earliest pre-historic human skulls, which dates back to 1.7 million years ago.
- The Georgian Jews are one of the oldest Jewish communities in the world
- There are NO capital letters in the written language of Georgia
- Georgia boasts a vast number of historical and cultural monuments considering the size of the country. Of which 4 are recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites!
- Georgia is a country that is famous for physical education, and wrestling has historically been an important sport in Georgia. The bodyguard of Napoleon, a man called Rostom Razmadze, was Georgian.
- Currently in the NBA, there are 5 professional players from Georgia. This small country definitely has a lot of athletic genes running in their people!
Georgian economy has been running under a free market mechanism since the Rose Revolution in 2003. The new government has since introduced radical economic and democratic reforms, mostly to fight corruption and to enhance living standards of Georgians.
Once ranked 112th in terms of ease of doing business, it came in 18th within mere ONE-YEAR period from 2006 to 2007. The World Bank referred Georgia as “the number one economic reformer in the world” because of the drastic improvement.
Due to political reasons, Russia had imposed few years of economic sanction on Georgia, but was lifted in July 2013. Georgia also signed the DCFTA (Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area) with the European Union in July 2014.
The Georgian Railways provides the shortest route linking Europe and Central Asia, linking the Black Sea and Caspian Sea, together with a number of Georgian sea ports along the Black Sea coast, logistics to the Central Asia and China have become much easier.
Wine making makes up an important part of the Georgian economy, in which wine production is also of historical roots. Mineral mines are also common in the country, including gold, silver, copper and iron. Mineral water is another famous resources of Georgia.
Georgia is a very mountainous country, with the Likhi Range dividing the country into two halves, eastern and western.
It has very varied topographies ranging from temperate rainforests to eternal snows and glaciers, from low-land marsh forests to semi-arid plains. Forests cover around 40% of Georgia’s territory, and alpine/subalpine area covers around 10% of it.
Georgia In OBOR
- Georgia is planning to transform into a logistics and transportation hub to connect between Asia and Europe.
- The Georgian government is planning to start construction to build a sea port terminal in the western town of Anaklia in 2016. Only 17 days will be needed to transfer a container from China to Europe via the Anaklia sea port, making it the world’s fastest short cut for ocean shipping from Asia to Europe.
- Georgia has signed a joint declaration with the Chinese government to study on building a FTA in March 2015, and has signed a MOU for the Silk Road Economic Belt
- Georgia will be utilizing the chance of OBOR to further promote its wine business in China. China is the 4th biggest wine export country for Georgia, following OBOR countries Russia, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan.
- The train connecting between Xinjiang and Tbilisi has started test operation in Jan 2015. Normally it would take about 120 days to transfer products from China to Georgia by sea. Though cost will be higher, only 25 days will be needed when transferring by train.
A Little More About Georgia
The country is a cultural hub with historical influences from Turkey, Persia, Russia, Central Asia and Europe.
Georgians have a mixed feeling towards Russia. It was first annexed by the Russian Empire in 1801, where it enjoyed a brief period of independence when the Russian Revolution happened in 1917, and Georgia was again occupied by the Soviet of Russia in 1921 until it finally gained independence following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Despite the fact that it was under Russian governance for almost 200 years, Russian was not very widely spoken in the country. Georgian is the most spoken language across the nation, and Russian speaking population only shared roughly similar percentage as Armenian and Azerbaijani (6-9%)
English is widely spoken as it is a must-learn subject in all Georgian schools. Georgia also has a high literacy rate of 99.7%
. In which 1 Lari roughly = 3.2~3.6 HK Dollars
|Population||. 3.7 million (2014 census)
. 1/3 or population resides in the capital of Tbilisi
|Official language||. Georgian.
. But most of the population speaks English
|Timezone||. GMT + 4:00
. (4 hours behind Hong Kong)
|Climate||. Temperate to Subtropical
. Midwinter average temp : 2~5°C
. Midsummer average temp : 20~22°C
. Western part of the country has relatively more humid and subtropical climate due to the influence of the Black Sea